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Script Analysis - Ligatures and other letter form rules

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23 July 2007

Script Analysis - Ligatures and other letter form rules

From Drogin, page 64.

I made a list of all the letters with bows to the left and/or right, and then put them together in the possible combinations.

The ones with a "x" are combinations that don't occur in English (or Latin, as far as I know).
There are repeats in the list.

And here's the final list, with the repeats removed, and also the other relevant rules associated with letter forms (half r and long s).

I've struck out the ligatures to do with version 2 of 'a' just lightly - because I think when I'm using a source other than the Bedford P, which I'm copying faithfully, I'll just use version 1 of a - I like it better.

Oh - that last line should have 'o' as the row header.


Later : I found this comment in "An Introduction to Palaeography for Scribes", Migistra Nicolaa de Bracton of Leicester
at http://members.tripod.com/nicolaa5/articles/pal.html

"They also began a practice known as "biting", in which adjoining letters with rounded parts (bowls) would be shoved together so that the bowls actually touched".

Drogin refers to the ligatures of the bows as "biting' somewhere as well.

She also says

"
The use of ligatures is part of this. In some hands (such as half-uncial), ligatures--one or more letters within a word joined together--were mostly used as a space-saving measure towards the ends of lines. In other hands (Beneventan, for example), certain letters were always joined in ligature, no matter where they were located in a line. Still other hands (Luxeuil, for one) feature a dazzling variety of possible ligatures--some used more often than others."


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1 Comments:

Anonymous Beard5 said...

Regarding the rule "half r follows vowels" as I've seen it (and I could be wrong, but I don't think I am) the half 'r' follows a bowl shape, such as B,C,D,E,O,P,*V**W* (V and W if your final, vertical, stroke, doesn't end in a kick, or a diamond. However, I'm conjecturing that particular ligature, it follows logically, since the half r follows letters that have no final kick or diamond (O and E are good examples) I've never seen it, at least not that I know of.) Regarding the other vowels, A ends in a kick, I is a diamond on top and on bottom, U ends in a kick, Y and G at least as I've seen them, have kicks before the descender sweeps back into them.

If this doesn't make sense, as it might not, email me at dorr_8@msn.com

Thursday, July 26, 2007  

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